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Faq

  • What is unit linked insurance plan?

    ULIPS provide for benefits of protection and flexibility in investment, it is insurance cum investment plan. The allocated premiums will be applied to purchase units as per the fund type based on the ongoing NAV. NAV is the value per unit of the scheme. They provide multiple benefits like life protection, investment and savings flexibility, options to take additional covers, tax planning, etc. but they are riskier compared to other schemes.
  • What do I get if I insure?

    The insured person will get satisfaction that his family is completely insured in case something happens to the major earning member of the family. His family will get assured sum after his death. In monetary terms, you can claim tax-deductions under section 88.
    Premium paid towards a life insurance policy, up to Rs 1,00,000, can be claimed as a tax-deduction u/s 88.
    Survival benefits or Interim benefits, i.e. money received during the term of a money back policy are tax-free.
    Maturity benefits or the amount received at the end of the term of a policy is also tax-free.
    Proceeds of a life insurance policy, received by the nominee, are tax-free.
    For a Health insurance policy, you can claim the premium amount, up to a maximum limit of Rs 10,000 u/s 80D.
    Moreover, the money you receive from the insurance company, during the term of the policy and/or upon maturity, is tax-free.
  • What is Life Insurance?

    Life insurance policy gives you the protection against financial losses resulting from the insured individuals death. It provides you and your family the financial security and certainty to deal with the aftermath of any unfortunate events.
  • I have not paid premium for some time. I want to discontinue my policy. Do I get anything back from the insurance company?

    The policy holder may get a proportion of the premium back based on two conditions. The insurance company gives an option of grace period during which you can pay the premium and keep the policy in force.
    If the policy is been less than 3 years old since you purchased your policy and not paid premium, then you may not receive any money back from the insurance company.
    If you have paid premium for more than 3 consecutive years, you will receive a proportion of the premium paid; depending upon the assured sum and the accrued bonus if any. However, the surrender value will vary by company and policy.
    The surrender value depends on factors like type of policy, amount of premium, policy term, number of years for which the premium has been paid and accumulated bonus.
  • What is the tax benefit available under health insurance plan?

    As per section 80D of Income Tax Act one can claim deduction on premium paid for self, spouse and dependent children upto Rs 15000/- in F.Y. and if tax payer is senior citizen than they can claim deduction upto Rs 20000/- in F.Y.
  • What is Switching?

    A policyholder has the option to move their investments from one fund to another within his ULIP plan. It does not impact the investment allocation
  • How much does life insurance cost?

    The cost of buying an insurance policy depends on the following factors:
    The insured persons age, health and his nature of work
    Type of policy selected
    Sum assured
    Policy terms
    Term for paying premium and payment frequency
    Riders (if any) attached to the policy
  • How do I understand a life insurance Policy?

    It is necessary to know the following terms in order to understand a life insurance policy:

    Premium - the amount of money you have to pay to continue your insurance coverage.
    The premium amount depends upon
    Your age
    Policy selected
    Mode of premium payment
    Term of premium payment
    Term of the policy

    You could choose to pay premium monthly (as a deduction from your salary), quarterly, half yearly or annually. However, there are Single premium policies where you pay premium once only (hence you do not have the facility to make the effort of paying premium regularly).

    Term - the number of years you choose to insure yourself.
    The longer the term the lower the premium. Policy terms vary from a single year to a maximum of 55 years. Not all policies offer you a range of terms.

    Premium paying term - the number of years you pay premium on your policy.
    The longer the premium paying term, the lower the premium. Usually the premium paying term is the same as the policy term. However, some policies offer you the option of selecting a premium paying term that is lower than the policy term.

    Sum Assured / Face amount - the amount of insurance cover you have or the minimum amount your family receives in the event of your demise.
    Your family could get more than this amount based on the type of policy or riders that you select.

    Bonus / Participating profit - is declared by the insurance company each year as a proportion of the sum assured. This amount could vary; it could be different for different policies and terms.
    Although declared each year, the bonus is a lump sum payment made to the insured person upon maturity or to his family upon death, in addition to the sum assured.

    Bonus is based on an insurance companys assumptions about the future performance. Like any other assumption, actual results will be more or less favourable. The longer the time being projected, the greater the likelihood of variance from the predicted values. Not all companies guarantee the amount of bonus on each policy.

    Guaranteed Addition - is a declaration made by the insurance company; it states that irrespective of the financial results of the company, the company will pay the guaranteed amount of money, to the insured or his nominee.
    Like the bonus amount, this is a lump sum payment made to the insured upon maturity or to his family upon death, in addition to the sum assured.

    Survival Benefit - is the amount of money received at pre-fixed, regular intervals by the insured person, upon survival of the term of the policy.
    Often, money received upon maturity or at the end of the term of the policy is also referred to as Survival benefit.

    Maturity Benefit - is the amount of money received by the insured, upon survival of the term of the policy.
    In case of policies that offer a bonus, the sum assured plus the bonus for the term of the policy is paid to the insured upon maturity. In addition, some policies offer a loyalty addition, which is paid as a proportion of the sum assured and is based on the term of the policy.
    In case of policies that offer no bonus, upon maturity, the sum assured or a refund of the premium or no money is receivable by the insured (depending on the type of policy selected).

    Cover or Death Benefit - is the amount of money the nominee receives from the insurance company upon the insureds death. In addition to the sum assured, this would include the bonus, if any.
    If additional riders such as Accident Death Benefit or Additional Sum Assured have been selected, the amount of money receivable by the nominee could be higher.

    Returns or Pre-tax yields - Interest earned on the premium, on a compounded basis, is the pre-tax yield.

    Post-tax yields - If the premium paid for a life insurance policy is used as a tax deduction under section 80C, then the effective premium paid by the insured is lower. Interest earned on the effective premium, on a compounded basis, is known as the post-tax yield.

    Source: SBI Life Insurance
  • Can the eIA be operated by the Policy holder only?

    Yes, the e IA can be operated by the account holder only during his life time, unless, of course, he has been unfortunately rendered incapable to operate it (incapacity due to mentally unsound means or terminally ill as certified by a medical practitioner). In such circumstances, the e IA may be operated by the Authorized Representative (AR) appointed by the account holder (pl see below for details).

    The account holder is strongly advised to keep the log In ID and password for online access of his e IA confidential and not share it with anyone else.
  • What are the documents required to open an eIA Account?

    ID Proof:

    AADHAR CARD or
    PAN Card

    Address Proof:

    A copy of any one of the following documents should be submitted as proof of address; the original of the relevant address proof should be produced for verification by the Insurance Repository:

    I. Ration Card
    II. Passport
    III. Aadhar letter
    IV. Voter ID card
    V. Driving license
    VI. Bank Passbook (not more than 6 months old)
    VII. Verified copies of

    a) Electricity bills (not more than 6 months old),
    b) Residence Telephone bills (not more than 6 months old) and
    c) Registered Lease and License agreement / Agreement for sale.

    VIII.Self‐declaration by High Court and Supreme Court judges, giving the new address in respect of their own accounts.

    IX. Identity card/document with address, issued by

    a) Central/State Government and its Departments,
    b) Statutory/Regulatory Authorities,
    c) Public Sector Undertakings,
    d) Scheduled Commercial Banks,
    e) Public Financial Institutions,
    f) Colleges affiliated to universities; and
    g) Professional Bodies such as ICAI, ICWAI, Bar Council etc. to their Members.

insurance glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
  • Abstract

    A brief history of title to land
  • Accelerated death benefit

    A percentage of the policy?s face amount, discounted for interest, that can be paid to the insured prior to death, under specified circumstances. This is in lieu of a traditional policy that pays beneficiaries after the insured?s death. Such benefits kick in if the insured becomes terminally ill, needs extreme medical intervention, or must reside in a nursing home. The payments made while the insured is living are deducted from any death benefits paid to beneficiaries.
  • Accident & Accidental Death Benefit

    In the context of life insurance, accident or accidental death is defined as a sudden and unforeseen happening that causes disability or death of the policyholder.
  • Accident and health insurance

    Coverage for acci-dental injury, accidental death, and related health expenses. Benefits will pay for preventative services, medical expenses, and catastrophic care, with limits.
  • Accidental death benefit

    An endorsement that pays the beneficiary an additional benefit if the insured dies from an accident.
  • Accidental Death Insurance

    Accidental Death Insurance provides coverage in the event of death due to accidental injuries, but not illness. In the event of death, payment is made to the insured\'s beneficiary. And most of these covers provide for cases for bodily injury (e.g., the loss of a limb), where the insured receives a specificed sum.
  • Accounts receivable (debtors) insurance

    Indemnifies for losses that are due to an inability to collect from open commercial account debtors because records have been destroyed by an insured peril.
  • Accumulation Period

    The time interval between the commencement of the policy and the time when benefits are paid out. It is established by the insured.
  • Activities of daily living

    Activities-such as eating, bathing, toileting, dressing, and continence-that trig-ger payment in a long-term care insurance policy, if at least some of them cannot be performed by the insured.
  • Acts of god

    Perils that cannot reasonably be guarded against, such as floods and earthquakes.
  • Actual cash value

    A form of insurance that pays damages equal to the replacement value of damaged property minus depreciation.
  • Actual loss ratio

    The ratio of losses incurred to premiums earned actually experienced in a given line of insurance activity in a previous time period.
  • Actuarial cost assumptions

    Assumptions about rates of investment earnings, mortality, turnover, salpatterns, probable expenses, and distribution or actual ages at which employees are likely to retire.
  • Actuarial Cost Method

    A method that determines contributions that would be made under an insurance plan.
  • Actuary

    An insurance professional skilled in the analysis, evaluation, and management of statistical information. Evaluates insurance firms? reserves, determines rates and rating methods, and determines other business and financial risks.
  • AD&D

    Accidental Death and Dismemberment Benefits
  • Additional insureds

    Persons who have an insurable interest in the property/person covered in a policy and who are covered against the losses outlined in the policy. They usually receive less coverage than the pri-mary named insured.
  • Additional living expenses

    Extra charges covered by homeowners policies over and above the policy-holder?s customary living expenses. They kick in when the insured requires temporary shelter due to damage by a covered peril that makes the home temporarily uninhabitable.
  • Adjustable Life Insurance

    A facility allowing a life insurance policy owner to change the insurance plan, increase or decrease the premium and make changes in the protection period.
  • Adjuster

    An individual employed by a property/cas-ualty insurer to evaluate losses and settle policyholder claims. These adjusters differ from public adjusters, who negotiate with insurers on behalf of policyhold-ers, and receive a portion of a claims settlement. Inde-pendent adjusters are independent contractors who adjust claims for different insurance companies.
  • Admitted company

    An insurance company licensed and authorized to do business in a particular state or country.
  • Adverse selection

    The tendency of those exposed to a higher risk to seek more insurance coverage than those at a lower risk. Insurers react either by charging higher premiums or not insuring at all. In the case of natural disasters, such as earthquakes, adverse selection concentrates risk instead of spreading it. Insurance. works best when risk is shared among large numbers of policyholders.
  • Affinity sales

    Selling insurance through groups such as professional and business associations.
  • Affirmative warranty

    An agreement between an insurance company and an agent, granting the agent authority to write insurance from that company. It specifies the duties, rights, and obligations of both parties.
  • After Tax Rupees

    This refers to the disposable income that the policy holder has in his hands after paying all tax dues during a particular financial year under the Income Tax Act.
  • Age Limits

    The maximum and minimum ages above or below which an insurance company will not accept applications for insurance from or will not renew a policy with a person.
  • Agent

    Insurance is sold by two types of agents: inde-pendent agents, who are self-employed, represent several insurance companies and are paid on commission, and exclusive or captive agents, who represent only one insurance company and are either salaried or work on commission. Insurance companies that use exclusive or captive agents are called direct writers.
  • Agent (Life Advisor)

    A representative of an insurance company authorized to sell insurance policies.
  • Aggregate deductible

    A type of deductible that applies for an entire year in which the insured absorbs all losses until the deductible level is reached, at which point the insurer pays for all loses over the specified amount.
  • Aggregate limits

    A yearly limit, rather than a ?per occurrence? limit. Once an insurance company has paid up to the limit, it will pay no more during that year.
  • Aleatory contract

    A legal contract in which the outcome depends on an uncertain event. Insurance contracts are aleatory in nature.
  • All-risk agreement

    A property or liability insur-ance contract in which all risks of loss are covered except those specifically excluded; also called ?open perils policy.?
  • Alternative dispute resolution (ADR)

    Alternative to going to court to settle disputes. Methods include arbitration, where disputing parties agree to be bound to the decision of an independent third party, and mediation, where a third party tries to arrange a settlement between the two sides.
  • Alternative markets

    Mechanisms used to fund self-insurance. This includes captives, which are insurers owned by one or more non-insurers to provide owners with coverage. Risk-retention groups, formed by members of similar professions or businesses to obtain liability insurance, are also a form of self-insurance.
  • Ancillary charges

    In hospital insurance, covered charges other than room and board.
  • Annual statement

    Summary of an insurer?s or rein-surer?s financial operations for a particular year, including a balance sheet.
  • Annual-premium annuity

    An annuity whose purchase price is paid in annual installments.
  • Annuitant

    : An individual receiving benefits under an annuity.
  • Annuity Certain

    An insurance contract that provides an annuity for a certain number of years, irrespective of whether the insured is alive or dead.
  • Annuity Consideration

    The payment that an annuitant makes for an annuity.
  • Annuity units

    A measure used in valuing a variable annuity during the time it is being paid to the annui-tant. Each unit?s value fluctuates with the performance of an investment portfolio.
  • Apportionment

    The dividing of a loss proportion-ately among two or more insurers that cover the same loss.
  • Appraisal

    A survey to determine a property?s insura-ble value, or the amount of a loss.
  • Arbitration

    Procedure in which an insurance company and the insured or a vendor agree to settle a claim dispute by accepting a decision made by a third party.
  • Arson

    The deliberate setting of a fire
  • Assessable policy

    A policy subject to additional charges, or assessments, on all policyholders in the company.
  • Asset-backed securities

    Bonds that represent pools of loans of similar types, duration and interest rates. Almost any loan with regular repayments of principal and interest can be securitized, from auto loans and equipment leases to credit card receivables and mortgages.
  • Assign

    To use life insurance policy benefits as collat-eral for a loan.
  • Assignee

    Assignee is the person to whom the title, rights and benefits under a life policy are assigned.
  • Assignor

    Assignor is the policyholder who transfers the title, beneficial interest and rights under the policy to another individual.
  • Asymmetric information

    An insured?s knowledge of likely losses that is unavailable to insurers.
  • Attained Age

    It is your current age.Your attained age is one of the factors life insurance companies use to determine your premiums. As the older you are, the probability of death during the period of insurance cover i.e life insurance risk increases and so does the premium. Higher the risk, higher the premium.
  • Authority

    The Insurance Regulatory and Development authority, IRDA established under sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Act, 1999 is the regulator for the insurance sector.
  • Auto insurance premium

    The price an insurance company charges for coverage, based on the frequency and cost of potential accidents, theft and other losses.
  • Automatic coverage

    An insurer agrees to cover accidents from all machinery of the same type as that specifically listed in the endorsement.
  • Automatic treaty

    An agreement whereby the ceding company is required to cede some certain amounts of business and the reinsurer is required to accept them.
  • Average adjusters

    A name applied to claims adjusters in the field of marine insurance.
  • Aviation insurance

    Commercial airlines hold prop-erty insurance on aeroplanes and liability insurance for negligent acts that result in injury or property damage to passengers or others. Damage is covered on the ground and in the air. The policy limits the geographical area and individual pilots covered.